Oceanic basalt volcanoes (such as the Hawaiian volcanoes) produce ﬂuid lava that may advance over these shield-shaped mountains’ gentle slopes in tonguelike ﬂows. According to volcanologist Robert Decker, such tongues are typically a few dozen feet wide and a yard deep, ﬂowing at speeds of from three to thirty miles per hour. Smaller ﬂows are often called ﬁngers. At the front of a slow-moving pahoehoe ﬂow, molten rock pooling behind the cooling surface of the advancing lava wall constantly splits open the hardening crust, to emerge in glowing red bulbous toes. Humans have long referred to their own anatomy when describing landscape features, but the uncanny “aliveness” of a ﬁery, creeping lava ﬂow perfectly embodies attributes of the Hawaiian volcano goddess, Pele. In Hawaiian tradition, all aspects of volcanic creation and destruction, from ﬂows that alter the landscape to the red ‘ohelo berry bushes that colonize recent lava ﬂows, are considered kinolau (literally, “body forms”) of the volcano deity.