windbreak

A windbreak is a linear arrangement of trees, shrubs, and even plants in one or more closely spaced rows that are oriented across the direction of the prevailing wind to provide shelter for dwellings, soil, crops, or animals. By influencing wind speed, temperature, and humidity, windbreaks reduce wind chill and damage, control snow drift, reduce soil erosion, and also enable buildings to be heated with less fuel. As windbreaks, conifers are far more effective than deciduous trees. Windbreaks have been a part of midwestern farmlands since white settlement.

Arthur Sze